The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) designated January 27 - the anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz-Birtkenau - as International Holocaust Remebrance Day. This year's theme is "Liberty, Life and the Legacy of Holocaust Survivors".
The first International Women's Day was observed in 1977, when the UN invited member states to set aside the day as a testament to women's accomplishments, and a forum for building awareness of women's rights.
The UNGA proclaimed March 21 as International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination in October 1996. This year's theme is "Learning from historical tragedies to combat racial discrimination today" to encourage the international community to explore the root causes of racism and racial discrimination.
This Day honors the memory of victims of gross and systematic human rights violations and promotes the importance of the right to truth and justice.The UNGA proclaimed Marcy 24 as the International Day for the Right to the Truth Concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims on December 21, 2010.
This year marked the 21st anniversary of the Rwandan Genocide, which began on April 7, 1994, and ended in the willful and systematized murder of over 800,000 Tutsis by members of the Hutu majority. As one of the most staggering cases of ethnic genocide in living memory, the Rwandan Genocide and its subsequent Criminal Tribunal (ICTR) laid essential groundwork for the International Criminal Court.
This year marked the centennial of the Armenian Genocide, which began on April 24th, 1915 in what was then the Ottoman Empire. This day was marked by the arrest, deportation, and eventual execution of hundreds of Armenian intellectuals and community leaders, beginning an eight-year period of systematized religious and ethnic violence.
This day acknowledges the pain suffered by children throughout the world victimized by physical, mental and emotional abuse. It affirms the UN's commitment to protect children's rights.
On December 12, 1997, the UNGA proclaimed June 26 the UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture with the aim of eradicating torture.
The anniversary of the adoption of the Rome Statute, the treaty which created the International Criminal Court, falls on July 17. This day was therefore chosen as International Justice Day, a date on which the world recognizes and celebrates the emerging system of international criminal justice, spearheaded by organizations like the ICC.
At any given time, nearly 2.5 million people fall victim to human trafficking. UN Member States designated July 30 as the World Day against Trafficking in Persons in 2013 to raise awareness of the issue and to combat this modern-day form of slavery.
On August 9 of every year, the achievements and contributions of indigenous peoples is recognized and celebrated by the international community. More than just a celebration, however, the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples is also an opportunity to promote and protect the frequently eroded rights of the world's indigenous populations.
This day recognizes those who face danger and adversity in their efforts to provide humanitarian assistance. The UNGA designated this day to coincide witht he anniversary of the 2003 bombing of the UN headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq.
Enforced disappearances can be perpetuated in complex situations of internal conflict, especially as a means of political repression. The ongoing harassment of human rights defenders, relatives of victims, witnesses and legal counsel dealing with cases of enforced disappearance is of particular concern for AMICC. The UNGA proclaimed August 30 the International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances on December 21, 2010.
The UNGA established September 21 as the International Day of Peace to strengthen ideals of peace, both within and among all nations and peoples. This year marks the 31st anniversay of the General Assembly Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace.
October 2 marks the International Day of Non-Violence and corresponds with the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. The UNGA established this commemoration on June 15, 2007 to highlight the value of non-violence and advocate for a culture of peace, tolerance and understanding.
October 24 marks the anniversary of the entry into force of the UN Charter in 1945. The ratification of this document by the majority of its signatories, including the five permanent members of the Security Council, brought the United Nations officially into being sixty-nine years ago.
This date in November marks the day on which the Declaration on the Rights of the Child was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1959, and on which the Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted in 1989. These documents seek to protect and advance the rights of children around the world.
Violence against women is both a human rights violation and a continuing global pandemic. This day serves as a reminder that discrimination and violence against women ang girls must be eliminated.
This date honors the adoption and proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948. This proclamation was the first global enunciation of human rights, and one of the first major achievements of the fledgling United Nations.
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